'Grandeur des Etoiles' is added. It is not on plates from 1776.
plate 3: 1776: 'le
Poisson boreal' / 1795: 'les Poissons'
plate 3: 1795:
By drawing 'Frederick's Glory' a mistake was corrected in the 1776 version;
where a bright star 'ο'
is drawn, which should not be there.
plate 3: 1795: the indication (from Bayer) 'e' is given to a star in Cassiopeia,
a little above the 'p' in the name Cassiopeia.
plate 3: 1795: the indication 'r' is added in Pegasus (right bottom);
also a star is added, unfortunately at the wrong place.
plate 10: 1795: many stars of Antinous and a star under the Foxes tail are
plate 10: 1795: the above mentioned Bull is drawn using not to accurate
positioned stars. Only the brightest is correct, being not on the 1776
plate 10: 1795: between the Goose and the Bull a bright star is drawn. In
fact two weaker stars should have been drawn here.
plate 10: 1795: at the upper right δ Herculis is drawn, with to the
left and to the right a bright star. This scene is not in the 1776 atlas.
A strange case.
As stated before there are two editions of the
Atlas, but there are more than just these two.
On the www I found above the already mentioned
of the Linda Hall Library also an
from Giangi Caglieris.
The mystery can
be found on plate 10 of the Atlas of Giangi Caglieris and concerns
the presence of Poniatowski's Bull. This constellation was created after
the 1776 edition en is not on plate 10 of the Linda hall Library. First
assumption you make is that Giangi Caglieris has a mix of the 1776 en
1795 maps, which sounds reasonable, where it not that Giangi states that
this is not the case. Marc Hoffeld from Luxemburg has the same edition
as Giangi. This makes it a very strange case.
A closer look shows that the Poniatowski's Bull differs a lot with mine
(of both the 1795 and 1776 editions).
'My' Bull has more stars and most of them have Bayer's designation with
the Latin alphabet. For example: the right front leg of the Bull on my
plate has a 'f' written near one of the stars, which is not on the
Italian plate 10.
1776 edition (Linda Hall Library)
1776 edition A (Giangi
Caglieris / Marc Hoffeld)
1982 Bode's Atlas
1776 edition B (Henk Bril)
1795 edition (Henk Bril)
I contacted Giangi Caglieris on
this matter, but the mystery remained unsolved. I am not a real specialist in
this field, but common sense led to the conclusion that the Linda Hall
Library possesses an Atlas of 1776, I posses maps from 1795 (ánd of the
1776 editions), and Giangi
Caglieris and Marc Hoffeld own an edition made somewhere between 1777 en 1787 (because
'Frederick's Glory' is not drawn in his Atlas). My conclusion was
confirmed on January 26th 2004 by
Robert H. van Gent of
University of Utrecht. He stated that Poniatowski's Bull was added to the copper plates of Fortin's Flamsteed atlas in
1778. But apparently in the 1778 and later printings of the atlas the
publisher evidently did not feel the need to update the title page. This
information can be found in Lalande's astronomical
bibliography (pp. 555-556), online at the
ARIBIB website of the
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut in Heidelberg, Germany.
All this has been confirmed on February 25th 2004 by
Felice Stoppa who
has a 1795 atlas (his plates are identical with mine). He made closer
examinations of the atlases of 1776, 1795 ánd Johann Elert Bode's
"Vorstellung der Gestirne ... nach der Pariser Ausgabe des
Flamsteadschen Himmelatlas" of 1782. And he concludes that Giangi
and Marc's 1776
Atlas must be dated somewhere between 1778 and 1782. Felice also traced
another copy of the 1776 edition, which is neither identical with Linda
Hall nor Giangi or Marc, and because several stars are placed on exact the
same location as in Bode's atlas, it has to be dated after 1782.
On December 18th 2004 I received an email from
Takesako, who lives in Japan. He owns a copy of the 1776-atlas which in
fact has 2 plates 10. One with and one without Poniatowski's Bull.
This leads to the following hypothesis:
new page 10 (with the Bull) was made in 1778 on authority of
Fortin (?) (see the above
mentioned reference to Lalande's Astronomical Bibliography and the below
shown reference to his 'Astronomie',
Paris 1792, on page 233 - Felice Stoppa
mailed me this information on December 22nd 2004).
of these were added to the stock of unsold 1776-editions.
When these were sold out and new atlases had to
be printed, they were printed with only the new
one, because the original copper-plate had been changed.
So there is prove that the copperplate of the 1776 edition was changed 3
times. The last change was a minor one when a tiny star was placed in de
the 2nd edition (1776) and 3rd edition (1795) an edition 2A of the
Fortin Atlas was published, somewhere between 1778 and 1782 with an
adjusted plate 10. After plate 10 has been adjusted in 1778, the remaining
unsold 1776-editions were sold with two plates 10 - one with and one
without Poniatowski's Bull ! An edition 2B of the Atlas was published
between 1782 and 1787 with again a changed plate 10; in September 2006 I found out that from this
edition 2B not only plate 10 is different from edition 2A, but also
plates 8, 9, 23, 24 and 25. When edition 3 came out in 1795, again plate 10
By the way: Bode's Atlas of 1782 has been reissued by
In December 2006 I found out that
there are also two versions of the second edition of Bode's Atlas.
One without and one with an image of the obscure constellation Cat (the
Katze). A constellation placed upon the heavens by Bode himself, who was
fond of cats (like me). - more on this later -
Linda Hall Library:
Robert H. van Gent:
Astaria Verlag: http://www.astaria.de/6902/6983.html?*session*id*key*=*session*id*val*